A Tale of Two F2Ps - Turbine vs BioWare

Like fingerprints and snowflakes, no two MMO developers are exactly the
same. While two rival companies may share some key characteristics, they
will handle their games very differently, and players will have very
different types of experiences with their competing games. And when those
games eventually succumb to the pressures of the current MMO market and
convert their titles to Free-to-Play, the differences may become even more

Compare BioWare with Turbine. Both companies control MMOs with big-name
intellectual properties (BioWare has the Star Wars brand, Turbine has the
Lord of the Rings and Dungeons & Dragons), and both companies converted
their games to F2P after the old monthly subscription model proved itself no
longer viable. But, while the Turbine conversion (for both Dungeons &
Dragons Online
and the Lord of the Rings Online) is often regarded as a
model for success, the conversion of Star Wars: The Old Republic
risks becoming a cautionary tale.

F2P Restrictions

In a lot of ways, the SWTOR F2P conversion seems to follow the model of DDO
and LotRO. The "entire game" can be played "for free," and you can unlock
"convenience items" by paying cash. That's the ad copy, anyway. In reality,
it means that the F2P package is choked and limited to the point where it's
nearly unplayable past a certain level without buying some key unlocks.

In LotRO, a F2Per starts with limited inventory space, no ability to
quick-travel to distant locations, limited character slots, chat, mail and
auction house restrictions, no access to the "premium" classes (Rune-keeper
and Warden), limited use of Traits and Virtues for character customization,
and with only four questing areas and a handful of skirmishes. They cannot
access PvMP on the Free Peoples side, but can roll a monster character and do
PvMP that way.

SWTOR f2p - LotRO f2p UI

Technically speaking, a player could level all the way to 85 with just that,
never spending a dime or unlocking anything. It would be boring and repetitive
as hell, and that character would never want to stray too far from a town, but
it's certainly possible. But the great thing is, players can expand their game
by playing - earning Turbine Points by completing deeds, and using those
points to unlock restrictions and purchase quest packs. Earning enough TP to
unlock the (almost) full VIP game can take a very long time and possibly
requires rolling a lot of disposable deed-farming alts, but it can be done.
You can get essentially the full thing (except PvMP on your main character,
which is VIP-only) without ever paying a dime.

In SWTOR, the restrictions are a different flavor. F2Pers have access to all
8 basic classes but only a handful of the races and a small number of
character slots. The user interface is choked and restrictive, and can't
contain all the character's combat skills without buying an unlock. They start
with the same inventory space as subscribers. They have access to the entire
game world and can level a character all the way to 50, but they have limited
access to group content, and can't equip the best gear without buying an

SWTOR f2p - SWTOR f2p UI

Unlike LotRO, SWTOR F2Pers cannot unlock the rest of the game just by
playing. Cartel Coins cannot be earned in-game. They can only be purchased
with real money.

This makes for two very different experiences. In LotRO, once the player has
quested his way through Ered Luin, the Shire, Bree-land and the Lone-lands,
there is an impetus to keep going and see more of the game. The ability to
unlock new questing areas by finishing quests in available areas makes the
player want to keep soldiering on. It's the carrot on the stick.

In SWTOR, the player is pretty much just given the carrot. For many players,
the epic Star Wars storyline is the entire draw of the game, and once the
story is done there is little reason to keep going. While there is more
"endgame" now than there was at launch, the big draw of any BioWare title is
its engaging storyline. As it stands now, if a player can get by with the F2P
limitations all the way to 50 and is not terribly interested in an endgame
gear grind for stuff they can't even use anyway without paying cash for it, he
can do the whole personal story and all the planet quest-chains, heroics and
bonus series, and then drop the game and move on to something else, having
never spent a dime. Which is exactly what a lot of players say they are doing
in General Chat on most planets.

It would have made more sense in this case to more-closely follow the Turbine
model and offer planet quest packs. The personal story, like the epic books in
LotRO, would be totally free, but the rest of the missions, heroics and bonus
series would be unlockables. Instead of selling a cap-removal to flashpoint
access, sell the flashpoints individually. Sell the PvP warzones individually.

Subscriber Benefits

Both companies have basically the same policy for subscriber bonuses - a
monthly allowance of their in-game currency to spend as we see fit. Since
subscribers don't need that currency to unlock anything, it can be saved up
and spent on expensive luxury items, or dumped all at once in exchange for
consumables and trinkets. Everything is faster for subscribers because all the
cool stuff is automatically unlocked.

Since Turbine Points can be earned in-game, the LotRO monthly allowance is
almost redundant. It's a nice bonus when you've been saving up for that
expensive cosmetic or premium mount, but a player could earn that same amount
of TP in a few hours by rolling a new alt and deeding in the starter areas.

The monthly allowance in SWTOR is slightly more advantageous. Since Cartel
Coins can't be earned in-game, the monthly allotment gives subscribers a clear
financial edge over F2Pers. Subscribers get free stuff, which they then sell
to non-subscribers for pure profit. The rich get richer, the poor get poorer.
Eventually the F2Pers rise up with the battle-cry, "We Are The 99%!" and
attempt to occupy Fleet, and Jello Biafra writes a song about it called
"Corellia Uber Alles."

Cash Shop

To be fair, both sides have made some errors here. That's important to note,
because it's the cash shop that makes or breaks a free-to-play game. If the
cash shop fails, the game fails.

SWTOR F2P - LotRO Store

Turbine's track record with its cash shop in LotRO is long, but far from
spotless. Initially, its offerings were slim - unlocks and some cosmetics and
stuff - but eventually they started selling store-exclusive potions and weapon
enhancements that caused many detractors to opine about "pay-to-win." More
recently, the playerbase's ire was sparked by beta-testing of a 50-dollar
hobby horse item - a stick with a stuffed horse head that had the same stats
and speed as a premium mount and had an hilarious riding animation, but cost
nearly 5,000 Turbine Points per character. This item and its absurd cost was
met with nearly universal hostility by the players, and even "testing" such an
item caused some cynical players to lose faith in the game.

SWTOR f2p - Cartel Market

SWTOR's cash shop is not really any better. Initial offerings have been slim
- some cosmetic items and consumables for subscribers, and a sea of unlocks
for F2Pers - but the real best-seller has been the Crime Lord Cartel Packs
which rarely contain the premium items used in the advertising. These items
have been commanding absurd prices on the Galactic Trade Network because of
their relative rarity and coolness, but the likelihood of actually getting one
from one of the $3 Cartel Packs is dismayingly low. At best, these rare items
have the ability to even out the financial gap between F2Pers and subscribers
- everyone has the same chance of winning a throne or a mask. But in realistic
terms, the people buying the packs are the ones who can afford them (e.g.
subscribers who get them basically for free), and the trickle-downs reap none
of the rewards. Hello, global economy.

It comes down to which is the lesser of two evils: pay-to-win consumables and
overpriced vanity items, or bait-and-switch tactics and gambling. Neither is
terribly appealing, but those are the options we are given. And they are not
exclusive to these two games, either. Essentially, any f2p game on the market
now will have some form of these things. It's not the fault of the developers,
either. That's just how the MMO market works now. Don't hate the games, hate
the players who made the games what they are.

SWTOR has done alright since the conversion. New players are filling General
Chat on the lowbie planets with their desperate pleas for help, and
experienced veterans are trolling them and grumbling about how things were so
much better before the switch. The exact same thing happened in LotRO right
after its conversion. And when I tried DDO after that game went F2P, I saw the
same thing there, but from the other side - I'm a subscriber for LotRO and
SWTOR, but for DDO I was trying the free-to-play.

Both DDO and LotRO found great success with F2P. If BioWare hopes to capture
the success of Turbine's F2P titles and build a stable, financially-viable
player base, it's going to need to pay closer attention to what makes these
games work as well as they do. A big IP only carries the game so far.

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Last Updated: Mar 29, 2016